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Eagle skull

Extinct birds

58 losses since human arrival

birds list

273 oceanic,
coastal and
terrestrial birds

Critically endangered birds

Nine Red List, 26 nationally critical

Rediscovered birds

The remarkable return of five extinct species



Takahe  Kiwi
Kakapo  Penguin
Moa  Wren


Four crested
Little blue



Auckland Is.
Campbell Is.
Brown teal
Blue duck

Native ducks

Blue duck
Paradise shelduck
Grey duck

Parrots   Parakeets

5 parakeets

Birds of prey & owls

Birds of prey
Falcon,  Harrier
Haast's eagle
Laughing owl




Greater & Lesser
short-tailed bats,
Long-tailed bat

Gigantism in insects


Living fossils

Leiopelma frogs
Land snails


Big trees


Kiwi population shrinking
"Fewer than 15 North Island brown kiwi are thought to be surviving in western Bay of Plenty, sparking fresh fears for the survival ... will be extinct there within four years unless action is taken"
New Zealand Herald
20 December 2004

New Zealand's flight path to disaster
"Few people are aware that, as the authors claim, New Zealand has a better record of the birds that lived over the past 100,000 years than any other area of the world. Our avifauna is diverse, unique, special, intriguing - and, to a large extent, extinct"
New Zealand Herald
14 January 2003

UN alert on threat
to birds

"The UN document, the bi-annual Environment Programme (UNEP) GEO-3 report, estimates a quarter of the world's mammal species and 12 per cent of birds - including 15 per cent of New Zealand species - face extinction over the
next 30 years ..."
New Zealand Herald
23 May 2002

Kiwi an Aussie who overstayed
"The kiwi, New Zealand's national bird and sports symbol, probably originated in Australia, says a New Zealand scientist. Molecular evolutionist Dr Alan Cooper led an Oxford University team that found the kiwi developed in Australia and migrated to NZ about 70 million years ago along the Norfolk Ridge, or Lord Howe Rise, that linked the two countries ..."
New Zealand Herald
8 February 2001


























Botanical name list

2007 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species classifications are shown in red.  Extinct species are indicated in red, including extinctions that are not on the IUCN Red List.  New Zealand 2005 Threat Classification System classifications are shown in teal.


Acanthisitta chloris  Rifleman (Titipounamu) Least concern
      Acanthisitta chloris chloris South Island rifleman
          [5] Gradual decline [endemic]
      Acanthisitta chloris granti  North Island rifleman
          [5] Gradual decline [endemic]
Aegotheles novaezealandiae  New Zealand owlet-nightjar
Anarhynchus frontalis  Wrybill (Ngutu-parore)  [endemic]
          Vulnerable [3] Nationally vulnerable
Anas aucklandica  Auckland Island teal
          Vulnerable [7] Range restricted [endemic]
Anas chlorotis  Brown teal (Pateke) [endemic] Endangered
      Anas chlorotis 'North Island'  Brown teal  [endemic]
          [2] Nationally endangered
      Anas chlorotis 'South Island'  South Island brown teal
          [endemic] [1] Nationally critical
Anas nesiotis Campbell Island teal [endemic]
          Critically endangered [1] Nationally critical
Anas rhynchotis  Australasian shoveler Least concern
      Anas rhynchotis variegata New Zealand shoveler
          (Kuruwhengi) [endemic]
Anas superciliosa  Grey duck (Pacific black duck)
          Least concern
      Anas superciliosa superciliosa  Grey duck (Parera)
          [2] Nationally endangered [endemic]
Anomalopteryx didiformis  Little bush moa  Extinct
Anous stolidas pileatus  Common noddy (Brown noddy)
          [1] Nationally critical
Anous tenuirostris minutus  White-capped noddy
          [7] Range restricted
Anthochaera carunculata  Red Wattlebird  [rare/accidental]
Anthornis melanocephala  Chatham Island bellbird  Extinct
Anthornis melanura  New Zealand bellbird (Korimako)
      Anthornis melanura oneho  Poor Knights bellbird
          [endemic] [7] Range restricted
      Anthornis melanura obscura  Three Kings bellbird
          [endemic] [7] Range restricted
Anthus novaeseelandiae  New Zealand pipit (Pihoihoi)
Aphrodroma brevirostris  Kerguelen petrel
Apteryx australis  Tokoeka  [endemic] Vulnerable
      Apteryx australis 'Haast'  Haast tokoeka
          [1] Nationally critical
      Apteryx australis lawryi  Stewart Island tokoeka
          [5] Gradual decline
      Apteryx australis 'Northern Fiordland'
          Northern Fiordland tokoeka  [5] Gradual decline
      Apteryx australis 'Southern Fiordland'
          Southern Fiordland tokoeka  [5] Gradual decline
Apteryx haastii  Great spotted kiwi (Roroa)
          [endemic] Vulnerable [5] Gradual decline
Apteryx mantelli  North Island brown kiwi
          [endemic] Endangered [4] Serious decline
Apteryx owenii  Little spotted kiwi (Kiwi-pukupuku)
          [endemic] Vulnerable [7] Range restricted
Apteryx rowi  Rowi (Okarito brown kiwi)  [endemic]
          Endangered [1] Nationally critical
Aptornis defosser  South Island adzebill  [endemic] Extinct
Aptornis otidiformis  North Island adzebill  [endemic] Extinct
Artamus personatus  Masked woodswallow  [rare/accidental]
Artamus superciliosus  White-browed woodswallow
Aythya novaeseelandiae New Zealand scaup (Papango)


Biziura delautouri  De Lautour's duck  Extinct
Botaurus poiciloptilus  Australasian bittern
      Endangered [2] Nationally endangered
Bowdleria punctata  New Zealand fernbird  [endemic]
      Bowdleria punctata caudata  Snares Island fernbird (Karoti)
      [7] Range restricted
      Bowdleria punctata punctata  South Island fernbird (Matata)
      [6] Sparse
      Bowdleria punctata stewartiana  Stewart Island fernbird
      [2] Nationally endangered
      Bowdleria punctata vealeae  North Island fernbird (Matata)
      [6] Sparse
      Bowdleria punctata wilsoni  Codfish Island fernbird (Matata)
      [1] Nationally critical
Bowdleria rufescens  Chatham Island fernbird  [endemic] Extinct


Calidris canutus  Huahou (Red knot)
Callaeas cinerea  Kokako  [endemic] Endangered
      Callaeas cinerea cinerea  South Island Kokako
      [1] Nationally critical
      Callaeas cinerea wilsoni  North Island Kokako
      [2] Nationally endangered
Calonectris diomedea  Cory's shearwater  [rare/accidental]
Capellirallus karamu  Snipe-rail  [endemic] Extinct
Catharacta antarctica lonnbergi  Southern skua  [6] Sparse
Catharacta lonnbergi  Brown skua (Subantarctic skua)
Charadrius bicinctus  Banded dotterel
      Charadrius bicinctus bicinctus  Banded dotterel
      [5] Gradual decline
      Charadrius bicinctus exilis  Auckland Island banded dotterel
      [7] Range restricted
Charadrius obscurus  New Zealand dotterel (Tuturiwhatu)
      [endemic]  Endangered
      Charadrius obscurus aquilonius  Northern New Zealand dotterel
      [endemic] [6] Sparse
      Charadrius obscurus obscurus  Southern New Zealand dotterel
      [endemic] [1] Nationally critical
Chenonetta finschi  Finsch's duck  Extinct
Circus approximans  Kahu (Marsh harrier)
Circus eylesi  Eyles' harrier  Extinct
Cnemiornis calcitrans  South Island goose  Extinct
Cnemiornis gracilis  North Island goose  Extinct
Coenocorypha aucklandica  New Zealand snipe (Hakawai)
      Near threatened
      Coenocorypha aucklandica huegeli  Snares Island snipe
      [endemic] [7] Range restricted
      C. aucklandica meinertzhagenae  Antipodes Island snipe
      [endemic] [7] Range restricted
      Coenocorypha aucklandica iredalei  Stewart Island snipe
      Coenocorypha aucklandica barrierensis  Little Barrier snipe
Coenocorypha 'Campbell'  Campbell Island snipe  [endemic]
      [1] Nationally critical
Coenocorypha chathamica  Giant Chatham Island snipe  Extinct
Coenocorypha pusilla  Chatham Island snipe  [endemic]
      Vulnerable [7] Range restricted
Corvus antipodum  New Zealand raven (crow)  [endemic]  Extinct
      Corvus antipodum antipodum  North Island raven (crow)
      [endemic] Extinct
      Corvus antipodum pycrofti  South Island raven (crow)
      [endemic] Extinct
Corvus moriorum  Chatham Islands raven (crow)  [endemic] Extinct
Coturnix novaezelandiae  New Zealand quail  Extinct
Cyanoramphus novaezelandiae  New Zealand red-crowned parakeet
      [endemic]  Vulnerable
      C. novaezelandiae chathamensis  Chatham Island
      red-crowned kakariki  [7] Range restricted
      C. novaezelandiae cyanurus  Kermadec red-crowned kakariki
      [7] Range restricted
Cyanoramphus malherbi  Orange-fronted parakeet  [endemic]
      Critically endangered [1] Nationally critical
Cyanoramphus auriceps  Yellow-crowned parakeet  [endemic]
      Near threatened [5] Gradual decline
Cyanoramphus unicolor  Antipodes Island parakeet (Green parakeet)
      [endemic]  Vulnerable [7] Range restricted
Cyanoramphus erythrotis hochstetteri  Reischek's parakeet
      [endemic] [7] Range restricted
Cyanoramphus forbesi  Forbes' parakeet  [endemic]
      Endangered [2] Nationally endangered
Cygnus sumnerensis  New Zealand swan  Extinct


Daption capense  Cape petrel
      Daption capense australe  Cape petrel
      [7] Range restricted
Diaphorapteryx hawkinsi  Giant Chatham Island rail
      [endemic] Extinct
Dinornis novaezealandiae  Large bush moa  Extinct
Dinornis robustus  Giant moa  Extinct
Dinornis robustus 'Northwest Nelson'  Giant moa
      [new unamed diverging species]  Extinct
Dinornis robustus 'Otago'  Giant moa
      [new unamed diverging species]  Extinct
Diomedea antipodensis  Antipodes albatross
      Vulnerable [3] Nationally vulnerable
Diomedea epomophora  Southern royal albatross
      Vulnerable [7] Range restricted
Diomedea exulans  Wandering albatross
Diomedea gibsoni  Gibson's albatross
      [7] Range restricted
Diomedea nigripes  Black-footed albatross
Diomedea sanfordi  Northern royal albatross
      Endangered [7] Range restricted
Dryolimnas muelleri Auckland Island rail  [endemic]
      Vulnerable [7] Range restricted


Egretta alba modesta  White heron  [1] Nationally critical
Egretta sacra sacra  Reef heron  [2] Nationally endangered
Emeus crassus  Eastern moa  Extinct
Eudynamys taitensis  Long-tailed cuckoo (Koekoea)
      [5] Gradual decline
Eudyptes chrysocome  Rockhopper penguin  Vulnerable
      Eudyptes chrysocome filholi  Eastern rockhopper penguin
      [4] Serious decline
Eudyptes pachyrhynchus  Fiordland crested penguin (Tawaki)
      [endemic] Vulnerable [5] Gradual decline
Eudyptes robustus  Snares crested penguin  [endemic]
      Vulnerable [7] Range restricted
Eudyptes sclateri  Erect crested penguin  [endemic]
      Endangered [2] Nationally endangered
Eudyptula minor  Blue penguin
      Eudyptula minor albosignata  White-flippered penguin
      [3] Nationally vulnerable
      Eudyptula minor chathamensis  Chathams little blue penguin
      [endemic] [7] Range restricted
      Eudyptula minor iredalei  Northern little blue penguin
      [5] Gradual decline
      Eudyptula minor minor  Southern little blue penguin
      [5] Gradual decline
      Eudyptula minor variabilis  Cook Strait little blue penguin
      [5] Gradual decline
Euryapteryx geranoides  Stout-legged moa  Extinct


Falco novaeseelandiae New Zealand falcon (Karearea)
          [endemic] Near threatened
      Falco novaeseelandiae 'bush'  Bush falcon [endemic]
          [3] Nationally vulnerable
      Falco novaeseelandiae 'eastern'  Eastern falcon
          [endemic][5] Gradual decline
      Falco novaeseelandiae 'southern'  Southern falcon
          [endemic] [2] Nationally endangered
Fregetta grallaria grallaria  White-bellied storm petrel
          [7] Range restricted
Fulica prisca  New Zealand coot  [endemic]  Extinct
Fulica chathamensis  Chatham Island coot  [endemic]  Extinct
Fulica atra  Eurasian coot
Fulmarus glacialoides  Southern fulmar


Gallirallus australis  Weka (Woodhen)  [endemic] Vulnerable
      Gallirallus australis australis  Western weka  [endemic]
      [4] Serious decline
      Gallirallus australis greyi  North Island weka  [endemic]
      [2] Nationally endangered
      Gallirallus australis hectori  Buff weka  [endemic]
      Gallirallus australis scotti  Stewart Island weka  [endemic]
      [2] Nationally endangered
Gallirallus dieffenbachii  Dieffenbach's rail  [endemic] Extinct
Gallinula hodgeni  Hodgen's rail  Extinct
Gallirallus modestus  Chatham rail  [endemic] Extinct
Gallirallus philippensis  Banded rail  Extinct
      Gallirallus philippensis assimilis  Banded rail (Moho-pereru)
      [endemic] [6] Sparse
Gerygone albofrontata  Chatham Island warbler
      (Chatham gerygone) [endemic] [7] Range restricted
Gerygone igata  Grey warbler (Riroriro)  [endemic]
Gygus alba royana  White tern  [1] Nationally critical


Haematopus chathamensis  Chatham Island oystercatcher
      Endangered [1] Nationally critical
Haematopus finschi  South Island oystercatcher
Haematopus unicolor  Variable oystercatcher (Torea)
Haliaeetus australis  Chatham Island sea-eagle  Extinct
Halobaena caerulea  Blue petrel
Harpagornis moorei  Harpagornis (Haast's eagle,
      New Zealand eagle or Giant eagle)  Extinct
Hemiphaga chathamensis  Chatham Island pigeon (Parea)
      [endemic] [1] Nationally critical
Hemiphaga novaeseelandiae  Kereru, or kukupa
      (New Zealand pigeon or Wood pigeon) [endemic]
      Near threatened [5] Gradual decline
Heteralocha acutirostris  Huia  [endemic]  Extinct
Himantopus novaezelandiae  Black stilt (Kaki)  [endemic]
      Critically endangered [1] Nationally critical
Hymenolaimus malacorhynchos  Blue duck (Whio)
      [endemic] Endangered [2] Nationally endangered


Ixobrychus novaezelandiae  New Zealand little bittern  Extinct


Larus bulleri  Black-billed gull  [endemic]
      Endangered [4] Serious decline
Larus dominicanus  Kelp gull
Larus novaehollandiae  Silver gull
Larus scopulinus  Red-billed gull  [endemic]
Leucocarbo campbelli  Campbell Island shag  [endemic]
      Vulnerable [7] Range restricted
Leucocarbo carunculatus  New Zealand king shag
      [endemic] Vulnerable [7] Range restricted
Leucocarbo chalconotus  Stewart Island shag (Bronze shag)
      [endemic] Vulnerable [3] Nationally vulnerable
Leucocarbo colensoi  Auckland Island shag  [endemic]
      Vulnerable [7] Range restricted
Leucocarbo onslowi  Chatham Island shag  [endemic]
      Critically endangered [7] Range restricted
Leucocarbo punctatus  Spotted shag (Blue shag) (Parekareka)
Leucocarbo ranfurlyi  Bounty Island shag  [endemic]
      Vulnerable [7] Range restricted


Macronectes giganteus  Antarctic giant petrel (Southern
      giant petrel)  Near threatened [non-breeding]
Macronectes halli  Hall's giant petrel  Near threatened
Malacorhynchus scarletti  Scarlett's duck  Extinct
Megadyptes antipodes  Yellow-eyed penguin (Hoiho)  [endemic]
      Endangered [3] Nationally vulnerable
Megalapteryx didinus  Upland moa  Extinct
Megalapteryx benhami  Upland moa  Extinct
Mergus australis  Auckland Island merganser [endemic] Extinct
Mohoua albicilla  Whitehead (Popokotea or Popokatea)  [endemic]
Mohoua novaeselandiae  Brown creeper (Pipipi)  [endemic]
Mohoua ochrocephala  Yellowhead (Mohua)  [endemic]
      Endangered [2] Nationally endangered


Nestor meridionalis  Kaka (Bush parrot)  [endemic]
      Nestor meridionalis meridionalis  South Island kaka
      Endangered [2] Nationally endangered
      Nestor meridionalis septentrionalis  North Island kaka
      Endangered [2] Nationally endangered
Nestor notabilis  Kea (Mountain parrot)  [endemic]
      Endangered [2] Nationally endangered
Ninox novaeseelandiae  Ruru (Morepork) [Endemic]
Notiomystis cincta  Stitchbird (Hihi)  [endemic]
      Vulnerable [7] Range restricted

Numenius tahitiensis  Bristle-thighed curlew [non-breeding]


Oceanites maorianis  New Zealand storm-petrel
      Critically endangered
Oxyura australis  Blue-billed duck  Extinct


Pachyanas chathamica  Chatham Island duck  Extinct
Pachyornis australis  Crested moa  Extinct
Pachyornis elephantopus 'Canterbury/Otago'  Heavy-footed moa
      [new unamed diverging species]  Extinct
Pachyornis elephantopus 'Southland'  Heavy-footed moa
      [new unamed diverging species]  Extinct
Pachyornis mappini 'Eastern North Island'  Mappin's moa
      [new unamed diverging species]  Extinct
Pachyornis mappini 'Western North Island'  Mappin's moa
      [new unamed diverging species]  Extinct
Pachyplichas yaldwyni  Yaldwyn's wren  Extinct
Pachyplichas jagmi  Grant-Mackie's wren  Extinct
Pachyptila belcheri  Slender-billed prion
Pachyptila crassirostris crassirostris  Fulmar prion
      [7] Range restricted
Pachyptila crassirostris eatoni  Lesser fulmar prion
      [7] Range restricted
Pachyptila crassirostris pyramidalis  Chatham Island fulmar prion
      [7] Range restricted
Pachyptila desolata  Antarctic prion  [5] Gradual decline
Pachyptila salvini  Salvin's prion
Pachyptila turtur  Fairy prion
Pachyptila vittata  Broad-billed prion
Pelagodroma marina albiclunis
      Kermadec white-faced storm petrel  [1] Nationally critical
Pelecanoides georgicus 'Codfish Island'
      Codfish Island South Georgian diving petrel
      [1] Nationally critical
Pelecanus novaezealandiae  New Zealand pelican  Extinct
Petroica australis  New Zealand robin (Toutouwai)  [endemic]
      Petroica australis australis  South Island robin
      Petroica australis longipes  North Island robin
      Petroica australis rakiura  Stewart Island robin
      [endemic] [2] Nationally endangered
Petroica macrocephala  Tomtit (Miromiro)  [endemic]
      Petroica macrocephala chathamensis  Chatham Island tit
      [endemic] [2] Nationally endangered
      Petroica macrocephala dannefaerdi  Snares Island tit
      [endemic] [7] Range restricted
      Petroica macrocephala macrocephala  South Island tomtit
      Petroica macrocephala marrineri  Auckland Island tit
      [endemic] [7] Range restricted
      Petroica macrocephala toitoi  North Island tomtit [endemic]
Petroica traversi  Black Robin (Chatham robin)  [endemic]
      Endangered [1] Nationally critical
Phaethon rubricauda  Red-tailed tropic bird (Amokura)
      [7] Range restricted
Phalacrocorax carbo  Great cormorant (Kawau)
Phalacrocorax carbo novaehollandiae  Black shag  [6] Sparse
Phalacrocorax melanoleucos  Little pied cormorant (Kawaupaka)
Phalacrocorax sulcirostris  Little black shag  [6] Sparse
Phalacrocorax varius  Pied shag (Karuhiruhi)
      Phalacrocorax varius varius  Pied shag  [6] Sparse
Philesturnus carunculatus  Saddleback (Tieke) [endemic]
      Near threatened
      P. carunculatus carunculatus  South Island Saddleback
        [2] Nationally endangered
      P. carunculatus rufusater  North Island Saddleback
      [7] Range restricted
Phoebetria fusca  Sooty albatross  [rare/accidental]  Vulnerable
Phoebetria palpebrata  Light-mantled sooty albatross
      Near threatened [5] Gradual decline
Podiceps cristatus  Great crested grebe
Podiceps cristatus australis  Crested grebe  [1] Nationally critical
Poliocephalus poliocephalus  Hoary-headed grebe  [rare/accidental]
Poliocephalus rufopectus  New Zealand dabchick (Weweia)
      [endemic]  Vulnerable [6] Sparse
Porphyrio hochstetteri  North Island takahe (Moho)  [endemic] Extinct
Porphyrio mantelli  South Island takahe  [endemic]
      Endangered [1] Nationally critical
Porphyrio porphyrio melanotus  Pukeko (Purple swamphen)
Porzana pusilla  Marsh crake  [endemic]
      Porzana pusilla affinis  Marsh crake (Koitareke)
      [endemic] [6] Sparse
Porzana tabuensis plumbea  Spotless crake (Puweto)
      [6] Sparse
Procellaria aequinoctialis  White-chinned petrel [breeding]
      Vulnerable [7] Range restricted
Procellaria cinerea  Grey petrel
      Near threatened [5] Gradual decline
Procellaria parkinsoni  Black petrel (Parkinson's petrel)
      [breeding endemic]  Vulnerable [5] Gradual decline
Procellaria westlandica  Westland petrel [breeding endemic]
      Vulnerable [7] Range restricted
Procelsterna cerulea albivittata  Grey ternlet
      [7] Range restricted
Prosthemadera novaeseelandiae  Tui (Parson bird)  [endemic]
      P. novaeseelandiae chathamensis  Chatham Island tui
      [endemic] [2] Nationally endangered
Pterodroma alba  Phoenix petrel
      [rare/accidental]  Endangered
Pterodroma axillaris  Chatham petrel  [breeding/endemic]
      Critically endangered [2] Nationally endangered
Pterodroma cookii  Cook's petrel (Titi)
      [breeding/endemic] Endangered [5] Gradual decline
Pterodroma cervicalis  White-naped (White-necked) petrel
      [rare/accidental] Vulnerable [7] Range restricted
Pterodroma externa  Juan Fernandez petrel
      [rare/accidental]  Vulnerable
Pterodroma inexpectata  Mottled petrel
      Near threatened [7] Range restricted
Pterodroma lessonii  White-headed petrel
Pterodroma leucoptera  Gould's petrel
      [rare/accidental]  Vulnerable
Pterodroma longirostris  Stejneger's petrel
      [rare/accidental]  Vulnerable
Pterodroma macroptera  Great-winged petrel
Pterodroma magentae  Taiko (Magenta petrel)  [endemic]
      Critically endangered [1] Nationally critical
Pterodroma mollis  Soft-plumaged petrel
Pterodroma neglecta  Kermadec petrel  [rare/accidental]
      [2] Nationally endangered
Pterodroma nigripennis  Black-winged petrel
Pterodroma pycrofti  Pycroft's petrel [breeding endemic]
      Vulnerable [7] Range restricted
Pterodroma rostrata  Tahiti petrel  [rare/accidental]
      Near threatened
Pterodroma solandri  Providence petrel
      [rare/accidental]  Vulnerable
Puffinus assimilis  Little shearwater
      Puffinus assimilis elegans  Subantarctic little shearwater
      [7] Range restricted
      Puffinus assimilis kermadecensis  Kermadec little shearwater
      [7] Range restricted
Puffinus bulleri  Buller's shearwater  [breeding endemic]
      Vulnerable [7] Range restricted
Puffinus carneipes  Flesh-footed shearwater
      [5] Gradual decline
Puffinus creatopus  Pink-footed shearwater
      [rare/accidental]  Vulnerable
Puffinus gavia  Fluttering shearwater
Puffinus griseus  Sooty shearwater (Muttonbird) (Titi)
      Near threatened [5] Gradual decline
Puffinus huttoni  Hutton's shearwater  [breeding endemic]
      Endangered [2] Nationally endangered
Puffinus nativitatis  Christmas shearwater  [rare/accidental]
Puffinus pacificus  Wedge-tailed shearwater
      [rare/accidental] [7] Range restricted
Puffinus puffinus  Manx shearwater  [rare/accidental]
Puffinus tenuirostris  Short-tailed shearwater


Rhipidura fuliginosa  Fantail (Piwakawaka)
      Rhipidura fuliginosa placabilis  North Island fantail  [endemic]
      Rhipidura fuliginosa fuliginosa  South Island fantail  [endemic]
      Rhipidura fuliginosa penitus  Chatham Island fantail  [endemic]


Sceloglaux albifacies  Whekau (Laughing owl) [Endemic] Extinct
Stercorarius parasiticus  Arctic skua  (migratory visitor)
Sterna albostriata  Black-fronted tern (Tarapiroe)
            Endangered [4] Serious decline
Sterna caspia  Caspian tern (Taranui) [3] Nationally vulnerable
Sterna fuscata kermadeci  New Zealand sooty tern
            [5] Gradual decline
Sterna nereis davisae  Fairy tern  [1] Nationally critical
Sterna striata  White-fronted tern
      Sterna striata aucklandorna  Southern white-fronted tern
            [5] Gradual decline
      Sterna striata striata  White-fronted tern [5] Gradual decline
Sterna vittata bethunei  Antarctic tern  [7] Range restricted
Strictocarbo featherstoni  Pitt Island shag  [endemic]
            Endangered [7] Range restricted
Strigops habroptilus  Kakapo (Owl parrot)  [endemic]
            Critically endangered [1] Nationally critical
Sula serrator  Gannet (Takapu)
Sula dactylatra fullageri  Masked booby  [1] Nationally critical


Tachybaptus novaehollandiae  Australasian grebe
Tadorna variegata  Paradise shelduck (Putangitangi)  [endemic]
Thalassarche bulleri  Buller's mollymawk (Buller's albatross)
      Thalassarche bulleri bulleri  Southern Buller's mollymawk
      [7] Range restricted
      Thalassarche bulleri platei  Northern Buller's mollymawk
      [7] Range restricted
Thalassarche carteri (bassi)  Indian yellow-nosed albatross
Thalassarche cauta  Shy albatross  Near threatened
Thalassarche chrysostoma  Gray-headed mollymawk
      Vulnerable [4] Serious decline
Thalassarche eremita  Chatham Island mollymawk
      Critically endangered [4] Serious decline
Thalassarche impavida  New Zealand black-browed mollymawk
      (Campbell albatross) Vulnerable [3] Nationally vulnerable
Thalassarche melanophris  Black-browed albatross
Thalassarche platei  Pacific albatross
Thalassarche salvini  Salvin's mollymawk (Salvin's albatross)
      Vulnerable [7] Range restricted
Thalassarche steadi  White-capped mollymawk
      Near threatened [7] Range restricted  [endemic]
Thalassoica antarctica  Antarctic petrel  [rare/accidental]
Thinornis novaeseelandiae  New Zealand shore plover
      (Tuturuata)  Endangered [1] Nationally critical
Traversia lyalli  Stephens Island wren  [endemic]  Extinct
Turnagra capensis  South Island piopio (New Zealand thrush)
      [endemic] Extinct
Turnagra tanagra  North Island piopio  [endemic] Extinct


Xenicus gilviventris  Rock Wren  [endemic]
            Vulnerable [3] Nationally vulnerable
Xenicus longipes  Bush wren (Matuhi)  [endemic]
      Xenicus longipes longipes  South Island bush wren
      [endemic]  Extinct
      Xenicus longipes stokesi  North Island bush wren
      [endemic]  Extinct
      Xenicus longipes variabilis  Stead's bush wren
      (Stewart Island bush wren) [endemic]  Extinct


Zosterops lateralis  Silvereye (Tauhou)

Search by other native bird lists

Alphabetical common name list

Native birds list

Extinct native birds

2000 IUCN Red List

Summary of Species

Total bird species


Total birds (including ssp)


Total extinctions


Living birds


Oceanic species


Oceanic birds


Oceanic extinctions


Coastal species


Coastal birds


Terrestrial species


Terrestrial birds


Terrestrial extinctions


Percent extinct land birds


Living terrestrial birds


2007 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species

Critically endangered






Near threatened


Total listed


NZ 2005 Threat Classification System

[1] Nationally critical


[2] Nationally endangered


[3] Nationally vulnerable


[4] Serious decline


[5] Gradual decline


[6] Sparse


[7] Range restricted


Total listed


Additional birds extinct before human settlement

Aptenodytes ridgeni
Ridgen's penguin
Archaeospheniscus lopdelli
Lopdell's penguin
Archaeospheniscus lowei
Lowe's penguin
Duntroonornis parvus
Duntroon penguin
Korora oliveri
Oliver's penguin
Manu antiquus
Albatross (unnamed)
Marplesornis novaezealandiae
Harris' penguin
Pachydyptes ponderosus
New Zealand giant penguin
Palaeeudyptes antarcticus
Narrow flippered penguin
Palaeeudyptes marplesi
Marples' penguin
Pelagornis miocaenus
Miocene false-toothed pelican
Platydyptes amiesi
Amies' penguin
Platydyptes novaezealandiae
Wide-flippered penguin
Pseudodontornis stirtoni
Stirton's false-toothed pelican
Pygoscelis tyreei
Tyree's penguin
Tereingaornis moisleyi
Moisley's penguin

Photo Credit
Right top:Kakapo
Left 2nd from top: Takahe
Left 4th from top: Kokako
Left 5th from top: Tusked weta
Left 6th from top: Archeys frog
Crown Copyright © Department of Conservation
Left bottom: Large kauri, permission of the Alexander Turnbull Library, Wellington, New Zealand must be obtained before any re-use of this image.

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