The status of the Australian grayling Prototroctes maraena, has improved as a result of conservation efforts. Now 'near threatened' as opposed to 'vulnerable', the population has recovered thanks to fish ladders over dams to allow migration, enhanced riverside vegetation and education of fishermen, who face heavy penalties if found with this species.
Of the world’s 5,490 mammals, 79 are 'extinct' or 'extinct in the wild', with 188 'critically endangered', 449 'endangered' and 505 'vulnerable'.
The Eastern voalavo Voalavo antsahabensis appears on the IUCN Red List for the first time in the 'endangered' category. This rodent, endemic to Madagascar, is confined to montane tropical forest and is under threat from slash-and-burn farming.
There are now 1,677 reptiles on the IUCN Red List, with 293 added this year. In total, 469 are threatened with extinction and 22 are already 'extinct' or 'extinct in the wild'.
The 165 endemic Philippine species new to the IUCN Red List include the Panay monitor lizard Varanus mabitang, which is 'endangered'. This highly-specialized monitor lizard is threatened by habitat loss due to agriculture and logging and is hunted by humans for food.
The sail-fin water lizard Hydrosaurus pustulatus enters in the 'vulnerable' category and is also threatened by habitat loss. Hatchlings are heavily collected both for the pet trade and for local consumption.
Of the 12,151 plants on the IUCN Red List, 8,500 are threatened with extinction, with 114 already 'extinct' or 'extinct in the wild'.
The Queen of the Andes Puya raimondii has been reassessed and remains in the 'endangered' category. Found in the Andes of Peru and Bolivia, it only produces seeds once in 80 years before dying. Climate change may already be impairing its ability to flower and cattle roam freely among many colonies, trampling or eating young plants.
There are now 7,615 invertebrates on the IUCN Red List this year, 2,639 of which are threatened with extinction. Scientists added 1,360 dragonflies and damselflies, bringing the total to 1,989, of which 261 are threatened.
The giant jewel Chlorocypha centripunctata, classed as 'vulnerable', is found in southeast Nigeria and southwest Cameroon and is threatened by forest destruction.
Scientists also added 94 molluscs, bringing the total number assessed to 2,306, of which 1,036 are threatened. All seven freshwater snails from Lake Dianchi in Yunnan Province, China, are new to the IUCN Red List and all are threatened. The main threats are pollution, introduced fish species and over-harvesting.